NWSCC is a member of the Far West Ski Association, “The Voice of the Western Skier.” NWSCC club members enjoy FWSA Ski Weeks in both North America and Europe, with other international trips on the calendar. Contact our President for more information.
Photo: Maine Handicapped Skiing
Adaptive Skiing? That's what most people say when you ask them if they know about adaptive skiing. Their first response is a question. What is adaptive skiing? Never heard of it, and so on.
It's simple, really. Adaptive skiing, or more generally, adaptive sports, is just the use of equipment that enables all those individuals with a form of cognitive and/or physical disability, whether that disability be from war, accidents, medical condition, or birth, to participate in (snow) sport activities.
Adaptive snow sports includes alpine and nordic disciplines, as well as ice hockey, even curling. The equipment for Alpine skiing ranges from the use of outriggers, ski tip retention devices, sit-skis like mono or bi-skis, among others (see the list below provided by Maine Handicapped Skiing). Nordic skiers typically use "buckets" that allow them to sit while they pole across and negotiate the trails. The types of equipment and their adaptability by the technicians who keep them in working order seems to go on and on, and the equipment is getting better and better. One example, sight challenged skiers do quite well negotiating ski runs, even high speed race courses, through the use of inter-skier communication systems or audible clues from a fellow skier to help them down a mountain or race course.
Some participants can ski and ride lifts on their own, while others require the help of guides or helpers, such as a sight challenged skier needs. Usually the helpers are family members or volunteers. What's great is that, as one adaptive instructor in Maine explained, once a physically challenged person learns how to use the equipment, the whole family can be together on the mountain. A winning situation for the person, the family, and for the mountain.
Adaptive skiing probably began prior to WWII, but the war produced wounded warriors by the thousands, many of whom were looking to get back to the mountains. Their numbers were such that equipment began to surface that made returning to snow sport activities a possibility. According to one source, Franz Wendel, an amputee from Austria, was the first disabled person to enter a skiing competition. By the late 1940's Austria's Ski Association was financing a division for handicapped skiers. Those Austrians love to ski!
Others in Europe and the United States also began to help the wounded, especially the military hospitals where the need was greatest and most immediate. Then came Vietnam. The number of casualties that made it back alive increased (as continues to be the case for our current wars), and along with this the development of more effective and unique adaptive ski equipment.
In 1983 the International Olympic Committee formed the Third World Winter Games for the Disabled, and finally the Paralympics in 1992.
|In the meantime, more and more disabled military veterans needed help to regain a sense of normalcy, if that is ever possible, and so organizations such as Wounded Warriors have stepped forward as one means of pointing these men and women towards the slopes, some of whom have never been on skis. (As an example, see this Fox News VIDEO about Wounded Warriors Ski Vermont.)||
In our own Northwest
Oregon Adaptive Sports (OAS) recently held their annual "Heroes in Sisters" day at Hoodoo, one of the most supportive resorts for adaptive skiing in the Northwest. This author was privileged to attend, to ski with them, and to take video and photos. As described on their website, OAS is "one of over 80 chapters of Disabled Sports USA, a non-profit organization that serves over 60,000 people nationwide. Being the largest adaptive ski program in the state of Oregon, OAS is committed to providing safe and affordable recreation experiences for people with disabilities." Go to the OAS website for more information and a listing of upcoming events.
Mt. Bachelor is, along with Hoodoo, home base for the Oregon Adaptive Sports organization. Enjoy this video about the Dirkson Derby, a fund raiser held on the mountain in 2009.
Outdoors for All also has a very good video that gives you a look at a day in the life of a volunteer. The absolute joy that can be seen on their faces as both participant and volunteer ski down the mountain leaves one loving life. Have a look.
More is coming to the NWSCC web site on Adaptive Skiing in the Northwest. More stories, more video, more ways to get involved. And it's not just skiing. Both Outdoors for All and Oregon Adaptive Sports operate year around. So, if you aren't too sure you can competently volunteer to help during winter, perhaps something during the non-frigid months of the year is more appealing?
It's time everyone who enjoys our great Northwest winter sports environment becomes more than familiar with adaptive snow sports and get to know those persons for whom adaptive skiing is a means to an end.
Think about it. Meditate on it. But in the end, get out and enjoy, both the wonderful Northwest environment, and your fellow outdoor enthusiasts.
Types of Adaptive Alpine Skiing (courtesy Maine Handicapped Skiing)
|Two-Track – Two-tracking is for skiers with mild motor deficits or those who are visually or hearing impaired. A two tracker will use two skis. Other equipment may include; poles, tethers, tip retention device, or a visually impaired or hearing impaired bib.|
|Three Track – Three-tracking is for skiers with one sound leg. A typical three-tracker is an above the knee amputee, but there are other people who three-track as well. The three-tracker will use one ski and a pair of outriggers.|
|Four Track - Four-tracking is for skiers with moderate motor deficits. Four-trackers may have disabilities such as cerebral palsy, spina bifida, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, or below the knee amputation. The four-tracker will use two skis and a pair of outriggers. Other equipment may include tethers or tip retention devices.|
Slider – Slider skiing is for skiers with moderate motor deficits or those with balance or strength deficits. Disabilities may include cerebral palsy, brain injury, stroke, or multiple sclerosis. The slider provides a very stable base of support for the skier and has an infinite number of adjustments to accommodate a variety of skiers. The slider skier uses a pair of skis and the slider. The slider is tethered from behind by an instructor and can be taken on the chair lift.
Mono-Ski – Mono-skiing is for skiers who need to ski in a seated position. The skier must have good upper body strength and good sitting balance. A mono-skier may have lower extremity amputations, spinal cord injury, spina bifida or a neuromuscular disease. The mono-ski has a molded seat in a ski frame which is mounted directly onto a single ski. A mono-skier will use hand held outriggers. Most mono-skis have a lift assist mechanism to allow the skier to independently load a chairlift.
Dual-Ski – Dual-skiing is for skiers similar to those who would use a mono-ski. The dual-ski seat and frame are mounted onto an articulating device mounted on two skis. This allows both skis to work together and provides a wider base of support. It has a lift assist mechanism for independently loading a chairlift. A dual-skier will use hand held outriggers.
Bi-Ski – Bi-skiing is for skiers who need to ski in a seated position. The bi-skier may have a more involved disability than a mono- or dual-skier. A bi-skier may have spina bifida, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, spinal cord injury or brain injury. The bi-ski seat and frame are mounted onto an articulating device mounted on two skis. Adding fixed outriggers and/ or handlebars allow for a broader range of bi-ski participants. The bi-ski is often tethered and has a hinging mechanism that allows the bi-ski to be loaded and unloaded from the chairlift.
Ski Bike – Ski bikes are for skiers who fatigue easily or who have mild motor impairments in the lower extremities. The ski bike is often used in a lesson after a few runs of skiing. The ski bike looks like a bike with short skis instead of tires. The skier sits on the seat and uses short skis on their feet.
John Jessen, Director of Educational Outreach for NWSCC, came upon adaptive skiing fortuitously while in Maine. Discussing adaptive skiing with his neighbor, who's daughter was involved with the Maine Handicapped Skiing (MHS) program, John expressed interest in learning more, and, as luck would have it, the MHS organization was holding their annual weekend of Adaptive Ski Instructor training that next day on Sugarloaf. His neighbor, an instructor with the program, immediately signed John up to not only attend training as an observer, but be a full participant.
Amazed at what he experienced during the training, John returned to the Northwest to investigate adaptive skiing for the NWSCC's Educational Outreach program. Not only did he find adaptive skiing in the Northwest, but the Oregon Adaptive Sports organization invited him to participate as an observer in their "Heros in Sisters" wounded warrior day at HooDoo. This report is a summary of his experiences.
As an aside, John approached this inquiry at first with a surprising trepidation. He was uneasy, timid, finding it awkward. That didn't last long, for the adaptive skiers and volunteers quickly put him at ease. He found that all everyone wanted to do was to get outside and have fun! There was laughter, smiles, determination, strength, beauty, a joy of using one's body or just feeling the cold rush of air on one's face, all of which anyone would experience doing winter sports. It didn't take long before the "us" and "them" went away and it just became "us." All of us are just men and women and kids who want to participate, get outdoors, to exercise and take on the challenge of snow sports.
Be aware of those snow sport enthusiasts that you see who might be beginners and need some help, or who might be visually challenged and need a little extra manuvering room, or tip your hat to a volunteer who is tethered to a sit skier. Better yet, go be a volunteer.
Just don't think that you are somehow different if you have more or less of a challenge that the mountain is presenting to you. Get on with living.
Here is a partial listing (we're still getting more information) of dedicated adaptive ski programs in the Northwest and those ski areas that support adaptive skiing, either through an affiliation with a full time program or through efforts of their own. Click on the name to find out more.
NWSCC encourages all Clubs to get involved in some manner with Adaptive Skiing, either by donating to the organizations that make it happen, campaigning to get a program started, or, better yet, volunteering to be an Adaptive Ski assistant.
Two weeks after the Winter Olympics the IOC runs the Paralympics. See some amazing pictures and read some fascinating stories at their website: Vancouver2010.
Note that the level of competition does not drop down one iota, and in fact, given the level of difficulty, these may easily be the better athletes. Judge for yourself. Take a look at the amazing pictures.
Be aware of those snow sport enthusiasts that you see who might be beginners and need some courtesy or even a hand should they have a fall, or who might be visually challenged and need a little extra manuvering room, or tip your hat to a volunteer who is tethered to a sit skier. Better yet, go be a volunteer.
Each person's reality is unique, and we all have our challenges, but that's all they are, something to overcome. So? Time to get out and enjoy our precious Northwest, all of us.
The Mountains do not recognize disability,
Only Determination (Jim Milina)
Our thanks to Maine Handicapped Skiing, Oregon Adaptive Sports, and Outdoors for All for their generosity and time in the gathering of information and experience for this NWSCC Educational Module. Look for a stand alone PowerPoint presentation to be available soon.